The course on Indian Social System is designed to equip the participants with deeper understanding of socio-economic processes and how they should inform the policy decisions at all levels. The course would give the necessary perspective to make sound judgement and decisions. The course is also designed to facilitate understanding of the issues and concerns that need to be prioritized for the purpose of making effective policy decisions.



Indian social Systems is a plurality of individuals drawn from major religions of the world- Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Buddhism and a bewildering variety of cults and sects with different orientation in belief and rituals. The Racial elements in the Indian population, namely Negrito, Proto-Australoid, Mongoloid, Mediterranean, Western Brachyeppphals and Nordic are also integral part of our social system. Side by side, an individual can realize him or herself by balancing and fulfilling the four objectives inscribed in purusarthas viz. Dharma (Righteousness and Moral Values), Artha (Prosperity and Economic Values), Kama (Pleasure, Love, Psychological Values) and Moksha (liberation and Spiritual Values). They are not independent or Mutually exclusive of each other. Self-Denial has been considered as one of the central values in the Indian Society.


In sharp contrast to the Indian Social Systems, the social system is defined as a plurality of Individuals employing means to optimize gratifications and minimize pains. This definition of the social system influences Indian social system to redefine itself, particularly values like hierarchy, sacred and transcendence. As an impact of the western model of Indian Social System, India has undeniably registered impressive progress in its share of world economy. But when we consider the area and population of our country, some of the glitters of achievements wear off.  The development is concentrated in selected areas of our country. Uneven and serious regional imbalances create tensions. The educational system hierarchically being incapable of grooming our children with a standard quality education is a major   set-back endangering the social fabric of our social system. The unbridled crime against women, increased gap between poor and rich, problems faced by minority communities, informal labor force and increasing sense of cultural deprivation are some of the concerns that the stream of Indian Social System intends to address.




Session1: Introduction to Indian Social Systems 

Session2:  The structural Features of Indian Social System

  • The meaning of social structure and its paradigmatic shift.
  • The changes in the social Structure with regard to value system.

Session 3: Tradition and Modernity in Indian Society

  • Multiple Traditions in India
  • Modernity and Indian Social Life
  • Interaction between tradition and modernity in Indian Society

Session 4: Rural-Urban Nexus: Continuity and Change

  • Meaning of Rural and Urban landscapes
  • Associative and Dissociative Processes in Rural and Urban Societies
  • Demographic Profile of Urban and Rural India

Session 5: Structural-functional, Indological and Subaltern Approaches

  • Meaning of ‘Ordering’ and ‘Patterning’
  • Value based Approach
  • Perspective from below and its comparison with bird’s eye view

Session 6: Gender Relations in Indian Society

  • Meaning of gender and sex
  • Status of women in India, Gender Violence and Social Protypes
  • Legal provisions and Acts enacted to safeguard their status

Session 7: Ethnocentrism and xenocentrism

  • The sense of nostalgia and cultural relativism
  • In-group and Out-group behaviors
  • Assessment of social realities and problems faced by ‘self Vs Others’

Session 8: Educational Attainment in Class Oriented Society

  • Cultural Capital: Embodied, Objectified and Institutionalized
  • Knowledge, experience and Connection
  • Cultural bourgeoisie and social buoyancy

Session 9: Social Movements in India

  • Meaning of Social Movement
  • Typologies of Social Movements in India
  • Social Implications of Social Movements

Session 10: Public Policy and Sociological Responses

  • Sociological meaning of Public Policy
  • Reasons for underperformance of a Policy
  • Institutional Approaches to Public Policy

Session 11: Global Currents, Local responses and Social hierarchy

  • Sociological meaning of Globalization
  • Localization and inherent acceptance and resistance for globalization
  • Universality of social hierarchy

Faculty Contact

Dr. Saket Bihari