RURAL GOVERNANCE: GROWTH AND STRATEGIES

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The course on Rural Governance: Growth and Strategies is designed to equip the participants with the approaches and strategies that are necessary for smart rural administration on all the levels. The professionals would be able to engineer and re-engineer the strategies which would minimize opportunity cost and bolster the governance strategies.

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Rural governance is a structure through which rural areas are governed based on the constitutional framework, the dominant political ideology and historical precedent, creating best opportunities for shaping a vibrant future for rural communities. For a robust rural governance, the episodic and sporadic participation of people need to be converted into frequent.

Effective rural governance incorporates a variety of decision‐making and implementation practices by a wide range of people, organizations and institutions beyond government: non‐profit groups, religious organizations, community foundations, citizen alliances, community colleges, business associations and others. Moreover, effective rural governance incorporates community building: processes that develop leadership, enhance social capital and personal networks and strengthen a community’s capacity for improvement.

After the constitution came into force, Article 40 made a mention of panchayats and Article 246 empowers the state legislature to legislate with respect to any subject relating to local self-government. In fact, Panchayati Raj Institutions of self-government are the vehicles of socio-economic transformation in rural India. Effective and meaningful functioning of these bodies depends on active involvement, contribution and participation of its citizens both male and female. As a strategy, it is designed to improve the economic and social well-being of the specific group of people, particularly the rural poor.

Indeed, the degree of development that was needed for agriculture and allied activities, village and cottage industries, socio-economic infrastructure, community services and facilities, and above all, the human resource development are abysmal, though there are a number of rural development schemes in place. Though 73rd constitutional amendment, 1992 advocates for decentralization of power incorporating the three tier system, particularly to include women and disadvantaged groups in the decision making, the real empowerment of such people has not been covered aptly.

The course identifies basic facilities to be made available to villages as a strategy to develop Indian villages. It also delineates the way rural areas need to managed effectively so that problems related to socio-economic conditions of people at the grass can be improved.

Overview

Curriculum

Session1: Introduction to Rural Governance: Growth and Strategies

Session2: Rural Governance: A Conceptual Framework

  • Basic Concept of Rural Governance
  • Three Tier System
  • Impediments in Rural Governance

Session 3: Panchayati Raj System in India

  • Evolution of Panchayati Raj System in India
  • Features of 73rd Amendment Act 1992
  • Composition of Panchayats
  • Three Tier Structure of Panchayati Raj

Session 4: Rural-Urban Continuum

  • Meaning of rural-urban continuum
  • Agrarian Class Structure
  • Migration of informal labor Force
  • Rural-Urban Exchanges

Session 5: Approaches to Study Rural Society

  • Populist Approach
  • Neo-Classical Approach
  • Modern Approach

Session 6: Infrastructure and Rural Development in India

  • Rural Infrastructure – the Concept
  • Importance of infrastructure for Rural Development
  • Status of Rural Infrastructure in India
  • Scope for development of rural infrastructure in India

Session 7: Public Health in Rural India: Issues and Challenges

  • Rural – Urban Gap in Health Indicators
  • National Rural Health Mission, 2015
  • Progress in Health Care Indicators
  • Expenditure on Health care system
  • Future Challenges & Way forward

Session 8: Housing for Poor in Rural India

  • Housing a Basic Human Right
  • Status of Rural Housing in India
  • Assessing Rural Housing Shortage
  • Rural Housing Policies in India
  • Analysis of IAY, PMAY Schemes

Session 9: The Role and Importance of Rural Roads in India

  • How are roads important for the Rural Development
  • Efficient Road Network for Sustained Agricultural Development.
  • Types of road network in rural India and their growth analysis
  • Analysis of Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojna (PMGSY)

Session 10: Occupational Shifts, unemployment and agrarian distress in Rural India

  • Trends and Patterns of Employment in Rural Areas
  • Growth and Inequality of Wages in India
  • Distress in Farm Sector and Employment Patterns
  • Rural Non-Farm Employment in India
  • MGNREGA and impact on rural livelihood

Session 11: Challenges of Rural Governance in India

  • People related
  • Agriculture related
  • Infrastructure related
  • Leadership Related
  • Administration Related

Faculty Contact

  1. Dr. Saket Bihari

  2. Dr. Amit Kumar Singh