• To understand the nature and dynamics of discrimination and exclusion – An Ambedkar’s perspective.
  • To examine current strategies for ensuring social justice and inclusion in the Indian context.
  • To explore ways and means for building a fair, just, inclusive and harmonious society.



Social justice, equality and equity constitute the fundamental values of all modern societies. ‘A society for all’ must be based on social justice and respect for human rights and basic freedoms. Social inclusion and equity are essential principles of social justice. The goal of social inclusion is to ensure that individuals, groups, and communities participate fully in a meaningful way in society. Usually, individuals and groups are shaped by elements of identity such as race, gender, class, ability, sexuality (to name only some), which determine social inclusion and social exclusion in a society. Exclusion can rob individuals of dignity, security, and the opportunity to lead a better life. The costs of exclusion of disadvantaged groups whether social, political, or economic are likely to be substantial.


The economic and social issues which have created differences among the communities need to be bridged within the democratic, secular and constitutional framework.  Social inclusion is the process of improving the terms for individuals and groups to take part in society. It is the ‘equality in qualitative sense’ i.e. to harness the values of human beings by practicing certain ethos. In this context, it is important to understand how public policy responds to the notions of ‘harmony’, ‘social cohesion’, ‘social justice and connectedness’, ‘social inclusion and exclusion’.


It is pertinent to reflect on Dr. Ambekar’s views on the aforesaid issues and  concerns for a comprehensive understanding of the causes of conflict and social unrest in Indian society. The stream on ‘Social Justice: Equity and Harmony’ offers an opportunity to revisit Dr. Ambedkar’s invaluable insights, ideals and philosophy in locating contradictions in Indian society.



  1. Social Justice :An Overview
  • Basic premises and principles of social justice
  • Social justice through social inclusion
  • Distributive justice



  1. Equity and Equality : Critical Dilemmas
  • Meaning, goals and assumptions of the concepts ‘equity’ and ‘equality’.
  • Implications of ‘Equity and Equality’ for social and public policy.
  • Availability of resources, access, survival, output and outcome.


  1. Stigma and Exclusion
  • Conceptualizing Stigma
  • Stigma as a Persistent Predicament
  • Stigma as Social Control
  • Different forms of social exclusion


  1. Consequences of Exclusion
  • Marginalization
  • Status Loss and Discrimination
  • Risk and outcomes of social exclusion
  • Functioning of social institutions


  1. Social Inclusion: Ambedkar’s Perspective
  • Fundamental constitutional values
  • Constitutional morality
  • Democracy and citizenship
  • Legacy of Dr.Ambedkar


  1. How to Bring Justice and Harmony in a Deeply Diverse Society?
  • Understanding Diversity: A Multicultural Perspective
  • Importance of social relations for harmony
  • How successful are public policies and social inclusion efforts In India?


  1. Accessible India Campaign (Sugamya Bharat Abhiyan)
  • Socio-economic transformation of the persons with disabilities
  • Mass awareness for universal accessibility
  • Components of Accessible India Campaign


  1. Policy for Inclusive Development: Growth with Equity and Harmony
  • Inclusive Development for Equity and Harmony
  • Governance and social justice
  • Inclusive policy making process
  1. Contextualizing the Ideas of Liberty Equality and Fraternity in New India
  • Democratic Values – Liberty, Equality, Justice
  • Human Dignity and Interpretation of Human Rights
  • Fraternity: The Missing Link of India’s Democracy
  • Liberty, Equality and Fraternity as guiding principles for Ambedkar’s philosophy of emancipation


  1. The Agenda of Sab Ka Saath, Sab Ka Vikas and Sab Ka Vishwas (together with all, development for all, the trust of all)
  • Major Government Policies for Equity and Harmony

Faculty Contact

Prof. C. Sheela Reddy