This stream examines the process of urban governance in India, identify barriers and suggest corrective measures with regard to decentralization, downward accountability, transparency, equity, efficiency and participation using inclusive  smart, environment friendly and sustainable delivery of services.


India is undergoing a transition from semi urban to urban majority society. The urban population (31.2 per cent ias per 2011 census) has gone up between 35 to 50 percent in 2018 as per different assessment methods applied by countries across the world. The 74th Constitution Amendment Act of 1993 has introduced empowerment of urban local bodies (ULBs) along with follow up actions at different levels of governance. Yet, there are significant disconnects in terms of regional imbalance, concentration of population in select areas/towns, growing size of underserviced areas, absence of city government in census towns, lack of decentralization below the town hall, gap in policy and planning and barriers in urban mobility and disaster preparedness. In this regard, it is important to see that the process of urban development is smooth, productive, pro-poor, environment friendly and sustainable .It is in this context that the stream covers overview on urban governance, urban sector policies and institutions, laws, rules and regulations, planning ,finance, housing, services and smart solutions. A set of models and innovations applied under mission based approach of urban governance are analysed for wider adaptation. Finally, the stream provides a generic agenda on instruments and institutions for inclusive and sustainable development of urban areas.




  1. Emerging Focus on Urban Development and Administration
  • Urban development and economic growth
  • Empowerment of ULBs-74th Constitutional Amendment Act of 1993
  • Intergovernmental consensus on Urban Development in India
  • Role of ULBs (Urban Local Bodies) in Urban development and Administration


  1. Good Urban Governance Norms and Application Process
  • Norms of Good Urban Governance
  • Incorporation of Norms in Urban development in India
  • Decentralisation,Accountability and Transparency
  • Equity, Efficiency and Participation


  1. Urbanization Trends and Implications
  • Global Process and Dispersal of Economic Activities
  • Indian Process of Urbanisation-Seven Decades of Structural Transformation
  • Diagonal Divide in Urbanisation
  • Urbanisation , Regional Balance and Focus Areas


  1. Urban Sector Policies and Programmes
  • National Urban Policy
  • Emerging policies on urban issues
  • Urban Programmes and Schemes
  • Programmes and Implementation


  1. Urban Planning concepts and Application
  • Typology of Urban Planning
  • Urban Planning, Policies and Implementation
  • Bottom up Planning-Instruments and Application
  • Participatory Planning


  1. Urban Housing   and Land Development
  • Role of Urban Housing in Economy, Social development and Environment Promotion
  • Urban Housing Backlog and Dilemma
  • Housing for All and Affordable Housing
  • Urban Land Supply and Development


  1. Municipal Finance
  • Role of Municipal Finance: Strategic Fiscal Gap
  • Vertical and Horizontal Imbalance
  • Financial Management -Accounting, Budgeting and Asset management Reforms
  • Resource Mobilisation and Innovations


  1. Urban services and Infrastructure
  • Main features of Urban Infrastructure and Services
  • Institutional Framework and Coordination
  • Normative Base and Benchmarking
  • Emerging Models and Innovations


  1. Inclusive City (Urban Environment, Climate Change and Quality of Life)
  • Role of Inclusive Cities: Global and Indian Focus
  • Nature of Exclusion and Components of Inclusion
  • Barriers in the Development of Inclusive city
  • Emerging Initiatives in India


  1. Smart Urban Governance and Solutions
  • Main Features and Driving Forces for Smart Urban Governance
  • Global Vision for Smart City
  • Typology of Municipal Actions
  • Indian Initiatives -Programmes and Schemes


Faculty Contact

Prof. K. K. Pandey